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Wednesday, 7 April 2021

IAS EXAM PORTAL : Public Administration Papers Topic :  Introduction

IAS EXAM PORTAL : Public Administration Papers Topic :  Introduction

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Public Administration Papers Topic :  Introduction

Posted: 07 Apr 2021 06:00 AM PDT


Public Administration Papers Topic :  Introduction


  • "The Study of Administration should start from the base of management rather than the foundation of law," Explain. (20 marks, 2010)
  • "Public and Private Administrations are two species of the same genius, but also have special values and techniques of their own." Comment (20 marks, 2007)
  • "If public administration is to play a major Legitimising role in governing our complex society, It needs to be more fully conceptualised." Discuss (20 marks, 2006)
  • "The field of Public Administration is a field of business." (Woodrow Wilson). (20 marks, 2009). Q.5 "Calling Woodrow Wilson,the father of Public Administration is doing injustice to equally or even more eminent contributions made prior to him." Comment (20 marks, 2008)
  • "Administrative questions are not political questions." Discuss (20 marks, 2005)
  • How would you trace the development of Public Administration in terms of paradigms from the politics /administration dichotomy of 1900-1926 to the rise of Public Administration as Public Administration after the formation of the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA) in the USA in 1970? (30 marks 2012)
  • In the evolution of the discipline of Public Administration. Minnowbrook Conference 1,2 and 3 reflect the discipline's reconceptualisation and its changing values. Elucidate. (30 marks 2011)
  • From Woodrow Wilson to Herbert Simon most writers on administration have taken the achievement of efficiency as the central objective. Justify the statement with references to the work of major writers. (60 marks 2009)
  • Give an account of major landmarks in the growth of the discipline of Public Administration in the20th Century. What are the possible trends in its growth in the first decade of the 21st century ? (60 marks 2003)
  • "The advent of the concept of "roll back of the state" since the nineteen eighties has been altering the role of Public Administration but certainly not diminishing its central place in human society." Discuss. (60 marks 2003)
  •  "New Public Administration is a revolution or radicalism in words, and (at best) status-quo in skills or technologies." (20 marks 2009)
  • It is said that "the perspective of public administration, developed over a century, with a tradition of management of public institutions and services has received a jolt from the novelty of New Public Management". Bring out the core values, approaches and assumptions of traditional public administration and show how the New Public Management has attempted to change or retain them,and to what extent. (60 marks 2009)
  •  In the last two decades, almost all countries of the world have experienced transformations in their administrative systems." Explain this phenomenon with examples from the developed and the developing nations in the context of New Public Management Movement .  (60 marks 2008)
  • Civil Servants must be social moralists in action,living up  to Paul Appleby's dictum that 'responsible government is ethical government'. Examine this statement in the light of good governance. (30 marks 2011)
  • "Not merely governance but good governance is the key factor in achieving the United Nations Millennium Goals." Explain.  (20 marks 2010)
  •  Democracy and good governance are contradictions in terms. Discuss with examples (60 marks 2004)
  • 'On a more sophisticated plane public choice is concerned with "Pareto optimality", or at least with "Pareto improvements".' Comment. (12 marks 2012)
  • Whereas Downs' model is largely dependent on a theory of psychological motivation, Niskanen's model is framed by neoclassical thinking.
  • In the light of the above, discuss the public choice approach to decision-making. (30 marks 2011) 
  • How did the traditional Public Administration resolve the fundamentally irresolvable problem- creating an administration strong enough to be effective but not strong enough to endanger accountability? (10 marks, 2013)
  •  New Public Administration may have neither been the savior its enthusiasts promised, nor the devil its critics worried it would be. Discuss.(25 marks, 2013)
  • Public Administration in the neo-liberal era is government less by the instruments of accountability and more by those of external accountability Elaborate (10 marks, 2013)
  • A variety of different organizational arrangements can be used to provide different public goods and services. Example the theory underlying this proposition and its potential contribution. (15 marks, 2013)
  • Public interest is still inadequate as a ground concept to evaluate public policy. (25 marks, 2013)
  • What are the implications of the post-structuralism perspective on the discrete aspects of Public Administrations, coming from its epistemological positions? (10 marks, 2014)
  • "New Public Management and post-New Public Management reforms initiatives have affected the balance between managerial, political, administrative, legal, professional and social accountability." Analyze. (20 marks, 2014)
  • Waldo's The Administrative State' provides a fundamental challenge to some of the orthodox premises. Explain. (10 marks, 2015)
  • Discuss how the Public Choice Theory promotes the concept of 'Steering' and undermines the concept of 'Rowing' in visualising efficient and effective administration. (10 marks, 2015)
  • "Globalisation has transformed the nature and character of State from traditional administrative Welfare State to a Corporate State." Analyse the changes in the nature of public administration in this context. (20 marks, 2015)
  • "Public Administration is the translation of politics into the reality that citizens see   every day."(Donald F. Kettl and James W . Fesler) Explain. (10 marks, 2016)
  • "The New Public Administration has seriously jolted the traditional concepts and outlook of the discipline and enriched the subject by imparting wider perspective by linking it closely to the society." (Felix A. Nigro and Lloyd G. Nigro) Elucidate. (15 marks, 2016)
  • "Good governance is ensuring respect for human rights and strengthening democracy, promoting transparency and capacity in Public Administration." (Kofi Annan) In the light of the statement, critically examine the criteria of good governance as provided by the United Nations and Nayef Al- Rodhan. (15 marks, 2016) 
  • Even after 130 years of its publication, Woodrow Wilson's essay "The Study of Administration" continues to  have great relevance even today." Comment (10 marks, 2017)
  • New Public Management has been branded by certain  scholars as 'Neo-Taylorism' . Is it a justified comparison? What factors have led to the decline of NPM as soon after its birth (20 marks, 2017)
  • "With every major transformation  in the applied world of Public Administration , the study of Public Administration  has grown in scope and intensity." Discuss the relationship between the evolution of the discipline and profession of Public Administration. (15 marks, 2017)
  • "The scope of the discipline of Public Administration is determined by what an administrative system does." Does it mean that the scope of this discipline is boundaryless ? Explain. (10 marks, 2018)
  • "New Public Service approach is an improvement over its predecessor, New Public Management." Discuss. (10 marks, 2018)
  • "The Phenomenological Approach advocated by the New Public Administration has obstructed the path of theory building in Public Administration." Comment. (15 marks, 2018)
  • "Political and administrative systems have reciprocal relationships." Discuss. (15 marks, 2018)
  • "Public Administration is constantly being reinvented because it is contextual." Elaborate. (10 Marks, 2019)
  • With the entry of the concept of 'good governance' the discipline of Public Administration has shed its statist character. Explain. (15 Marks, 2019)
  • Has New Public Management failed in promoting a democratic polity? Analyze in the contexts of individuals as a citizen and individuals as a customer. (15 Marks, 2019)
  • "Globalization has constructed the administrative state to save and serve corporate power structure." Discuss how transnational corporations impact government and public administration in the contemporary era. (20 Marks, 2019)
  • "The strength of Public Administration is in its exploration of the complexities and nuances of public policy making and implementation." Discuss. (10 Marks, 2020) (10 Marks, 2020)
  • The movement towards governance as an organizing concept for public administration and management is because the focus of administration has been shifting from the bureaucratic state to the 'hollow state' and 'third-party government. Critically examine. (20 Marks, 2020)
  • New Public Service emphasizes democracy and citizenship as the basis for public administration theory and practice. Elucidate. (20 Marks, 2020)
  • "Accountability under New Public Management has undergone a radical change, although the focus has continued to remain on management." Comment (20 Marks, 2020)

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Model Questions for UPSC PRE CSAT PAPER SET - 52

Posted: 07 Apr 2021 04:58 AM PDT

Model Questions for UPSC PRE CSAT PAPER SET - 52

1. An officer orders his subordinate to go on a survey. This is an example of

(a) Downward Communication
(b) Lateral Communication
(c) Upward Communication
(d) Horizontal Communication.

2. The subordinate of an officer inform the officer about the implementation of a scheme, this is an example of

(a) Horizontal Communication.
(b) Downward Communication
(c) Upward Communication
(d) Lateral Communication

3. You are a Team leader and working on an important project. But you have observed conflicts within the group. How will you address the situation?

(a) Speak up Right away what you want
(b) Wait for an appropriate time to speak up
(c) Wait for a line example and then bring it up
(d) Wait to see of the problem persists, then eventally say something about it.

4. You are the boss of an IT company. Your company is going through a tough phase and the workers are becoming lethargic what you should not do in such situation?

(a) Establish a conducive environment to communicate
(b) Renew the old feedback mechanism system.
(c) Synchronize the work with the availability andwillingness of workers.
(d) Increase the time gap between the input and the result.

5. You have joined office as the head of the department and feels that your staff is not enthusiastic about the work. How will you motivate them?

(a) Reward them according to the performance of the individual.
(b) Sack the subordinates, who are not performing their work enthusiastically
(c) Worn you staff and order them to perform best to their capability
(d) Appreciate the workers, who have done good work in front of everyone.

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(Article) BENEFITS OF STUDYING 8 HOURS INSTEAD OF 16 HOURS A DAY

Posted: 07 Apr 2021 04:44 AM PDT



(Article) BENEFITS OF STUDYING 8 HOURS INSTEAD OF 16 HOURS A DAY



There were two woodcutters, both used to cut woods for their living. Both of them work for the same time in the forest. One woodcutter becoming richer and richer while other was poor. One day a learned wise man saw their daily routine to find out their differences.

He learned something that changed his life & his way of thinking.

Both woodcutters used to work for 8 hours but the difference was that the rich woodcutter used to spend 4 hours to sharpen his axe but the other keep on cutting without improving his axe.

Moral of the story: 

Hope you got the point. Smart work is required to get through upsc exam instead of hard work. Hard work is required to do things smartly.

Think about :

If somebody wants to study 16 hours per day, of course, he can study for up to 24 hours also. After all, 24 is more than 16 hours.

But, the question here is ''Why do you want to increase your study hours''? It's just because you want to learn more.

Let me tell you that increasing the number of hours beyond a certain point is not only futile but even can be counter-productive.

How it drains your capacity :

After every passing hour, the capacity of the mind decreases to retain & recall the things compared to a fresh mind. You will end up just see the clock counting hours but mind it, your mind might not able to retain & recall things.

The quantity of learning in the second & subsequent hours of continuous study is less than the first fresh hour. If you continue to study without break for third, fourth, fifth & subsequent hours it will be a continuous deterioration in learning quality.

Even it may be negligible in the subsequent continuous hours. Although, you may have the satisfaction of moving towards that 12–14–16–20 hours study target, your output 

with every foregone hour will add continuously less and less to your learning.

Your whole concentration is on achieving the target of studying 14-16 hours, compromising the quality of the effective study, and then how will you able to concentrate?

Studying 15-16 hours per day is possible for only 2-3 days if very necessary. 

Studying at high pitch continuously drain your body's capacity to recover & hamper retaining capacity.

What can be done :

After an hour or one & half an hour, there must be a break of 15-20 mins. So that your mind can get sufficient time to restore & recall things in mind. 

 After every break go outdoors in a green environment, go jogging, or do any physical activity. This will circulate your blood movement & helps in getting oxygen to the mind.

With this recharge of fresh oxygen to the mind, your mind will be able to learn & retain things.

Your output will increase manifold.

Just don't stick with the pages you also want to remember something. Yes, you can study a novel or any interesting story continuously for 16 -20 hours if you want, although it's not advisable.

But preparing for civil services or any other competitive exam is not like a story or novel, you need to remember the facts & concepts. For this, your mind needs sufficient time.

Don't deprive your body of sleep & other physical activity, it hampers your power to remember.  Need not to mention that all those stress hormones going to kick in a very bad way.

How to plan studies effectively :

Out of 8-10 hours, fix 6-8 hours per day for continuous new learning & remaining 2 hours for revision the previous days/week/month studies in a planned way. This will train your

mind to grab & retain new things & also your mind will be trained in recalling the previously stored items. 

In this way you are sharping your axe !

Like every machine & any other living being our body also has the optimum capacity, if it is utilized in a proper way it will work better & for a longer duration.

No need to torture your brain, mind and soul for 16 or 24 hours. It isn't an exercise. It is simply learning, retaining & recalling things. Study slowly. Enjoy it and concentration will come along. 

Best Way out :

The success mantra is the continuity & consistency of studies. Make your schedule in such a way so that you can study 8-10 hours daily on a routine basis without compromising

on other necessary leisure activities. 

Remember 3R- REVISION, RETAINING, RECALLING.

Best of Luck!

Happy Studies!

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Public Administration Mains 2020 : Solved Paper-2 (Question: 2)

Posted: 06 Apr 2021 11:28 PM PDT



Public Administration Mains 2020 : Solved Paper Question Paper-2 (Question-2)



Section A

  • Exam Name: UPSC IAS Mains Public Administration (Paper-II)
  • Marks: 250
  • Time Allowed: 3 Hours

Q2.(a) District administration is the most important unit in governance. Most of the Central and State Government schemes and programmes are directed towards the district administration. In this context, discuss the challenges and problems posed to the district administration.

ANSWER: ONLY FOR COURSE MEMBERS

(b) The structural part of the Constitution of India is to a large extent derived from the Government of India Act, 1935, whereas its philosophical part has many other sources. Discuss the sources of the philosophical part.

Like  other  Constitutions, the  Indian Constitution also commences with a preamble, which reflects the aspirations and expectations of the people of India. Notably, the Indian Constitution has set up parliamentary democracy of the type established by the Federal Constitutions of Canada and A u s tr al ia . Nevertheless, this idealized notion, forming part of the motto of "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" of the French Revolution has special relevance for a multi-racial and polity- a religious country like India. It would be clear from the foregoing description that the preamble of the Indian Constitution provides a framework of ideas and values for the Indian administration. Since the responsibility of enforcing the Constitution is that of the government,  it is expected of the administrative system, which is an integral component of the executive branch of government, to facilitate the application of the ideals of liberty, equality, justice, socialism and secularism in the governance of the country. Not only need governmental laws and politics reflect these interrelated ideas, but the functioning of the administrative system, including the attitudinal orientations and behaviour of administrators, should manifest these ideals and values. In an ideal-typical situation, the nature and performance of the administrative system would be judged in the context of the values forming its context. Nevertheless, any such appraisal will have to be realistic enough, taking into account the limitations imposed by a complex and volatile environment affecting administration.

(c) The public services in India are an evolution of the British Raj. Trace the Indianization of the services.

ANSWER: ONLY FOR COURSE MEMBERS

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(Audio Notes) Topic: "Discussion on Ground Reports on voting for the third phase of Assembly elections tomorrow" 06 April 2021

Posted: 06 Apr 2021 10:44 PM PDT

Current Affairs Daily Voice Notes

Spotlight/News Analysis (06,April 2021):

  • Topic of Discussion: Discussion on Ground Reports on voting for the third phase of Assembly elections tomorrow
  • Participants : Joy  (Chennai Correspondent)

Player-1 (English) 

(VIDEO) India-Russia Partnership : Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Posted: 06 Apr 2021 09:45 PM PDT

(VIDEO) India-Russia Partnership : Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Topic of Discussion: India-Russia Partnership : Rajya Sabha TV Big Picture Debate

Expert Panel Name : 

  • Ashok Sajjanhar, Former Ambassador  
  • Prof. Harsh V. Pant, Head, Strategic Studies Programme, ORF

Anchor- Vishal Dahiya

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 06 April 2021

Posted: 06 Apr 2021 09:42 PM PDT

 

उत्तर प्रदेश राज्य GK प्रश्न (सेट -24) for UPPSC Exam

Posted: 06 Apr 2021 08:00 PM PDT

उत्तर प्रदेश राज्य GK प्रश्न (सेट -24) for UPPSC Exam

1. उत्तर प्रदेश के किस्थान पर महात्मा बुद्ध ने निर्वाण प्राप्त किया था ?

a. सरस्वती
b. सारनाथ
c. कुशीनगर
d. गढ़मुक्तेश्वर

2. प्रसिद्ध दशावतार मंदिर उत्तर प्रदेश में कहाँ पर है ?

a. देवगढ़
b. कुशीनगर
c. वाराणसी
d. सोरो

3. उत्तर प्रदेश के प्रसिद्ध संगीत स्वामी हरिदास किस मुग़ल शासक के समकालीन थे ?

a. अकबर
b. औरंगजेब
c. शाहजहां
d. बाबर

4. उत्तर प्रदेश में सर्वाधिक प्रचलित लोकनृत्य निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा है ?

a. छपेली
b. नौटंकी
c. करमा
d. चौनफुल

5. उत्तर प्रदेश का कौन-सा लोकनृत्य गुजरात के डंडिया नृत्य जेसा है ?

a. जागर नृत्य
b. घरकरही नाच
c. सयना नृत्य
d. पाई डंडा

उत्तर प्रदेश PSC (Preliminary) Exam (GS Paper-1) स्टडी किट

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